The government has designated 2005-2008 as “Drug Fight Years.” Following are the state of the program and the MOJ’s achievements:
1. Organizing “detachments for catching drug abusers”
A “detachment (or task force)” is established in every organization taking part in the drug fight, and a “Drug Fight Supervisory Group” is set up under the Taiwan High Public Prosecutors Office to map out “joint warfare strategies,” coordinate the manpower of different detachments, and plan the joint warfare. Following are the achievements:
a. Simultaneous and forceful sweep against drug abusers
(1) Since February 2005, the police, investigation stations, and the military police of each city and county have been forged into a unitary force to carry out powerful sweeps against selected targets (such as discos using ecstasy pills, pubs and KTV's with drug records). In 2005, such sweeps were launched on April 15, May 20, June 17, July 22, August 26, and September 23, with fruitful results. According to MOJ statistics, in the first nine months of the year, the various judicial police organizations seized a total of 12,567.4 kilograms of drugs, up by 115.3% compared with the corresponding period of the previous year. This included 284 kilograms of grade one drugs (the absolute portion was heroin), 4796.4 kilograms of grade two drugs (comprising semi-finished Amphetamine, 61%; finished amphetamine products, 35%; MDMA and marijuana); 365 kilograms of grade three drugs (mostly Ketamine); and 7121.8 kilograms of grade four drugs, including Pseudoephedrine, 76%, and the rest was Methamphetamine).
(2) The MOJ Investigation Bureau has made its 2005 goal as cracking 10 drug plants and seizing 110 kilograms of heroin, 1,200 kilograms of methamphetamine, and 500 kilograms of other drugs. In the first nine months of the year, it has caught 9,208 kilograms of different drugs, accomplishing 508% of its target. During the period, it seized 71.2 kilograms of grade one drug and 2,702 kilograms of grade two drugs, marking an accomplishment of 64.73% and 255.17% of its goals respectively. At the same time, it cracked 17 drug plants (comprising 15 Amphetamine plants and two MDMA plants) and seized 6,435 kilograms of grade three and grade four drugs, marking an accomplishment rate of 170% and 1,287% respectively.
(3) The Coast Guard Administration of the Executive Yuan has continued to carry out the “Action of Wiping out Drug on the Sea” in 2005 with a goal of sieving 110 kilograms of grade one drugs, 650 kilograms of grade two drugs, 36 kilograms of grade three drugs, and 12 kilograms of grade four drugs. In the period between January 1 and October 15, it has caught 41.395 kilograms of grade one drugs, 819.85 kilograms of grade two drugs, 102.48 kilograms of grade three drugs, and 5,713.67 kilograms of grade four drugs (including Methamphitamine). The percentages of the goals accomplished for the four grades of drugs were 37.63, 126.01, 284.67, and 47,613.93 respectively.
(4) The National Police Administration under the Ministry of the Interior has set the following goals for 2005: cracking 35,376 drug cases, catching 39,880 offenders, and seizing 3,832 kilograms of drugs. Its accomplishment rates in the first nine months were 109.93%, 99.06%, and 51.71% respectively.
b. Keeping a close watch on joints that have had committed drug offenses twice: Every month, the National Police Administration takes action aimed at ecstasy discos, pubs, and open-air music gatherings, Internet cafes, KTV’s that are prone to sell drugs and use drugs to draw customers. Measures taken include not notified inspections. Businesses found in the inspections as violating the Child and Youngster Welfare Act, the Statute for Electronic Game Business, the Business Registration Act, the Urban Planning Act and other relative acts are referred to the agencies in charge of education, construction, fire-fighting, public works, and media affairs for actions according to law.
c. “Wiping out drugs on the seas” by National Coast Guard Administration: Patterning on the “Snake Hunting Special Action,” the National Coast Guard Administration actively joined in the fight against drugs from 2005 to 2008. Each year, on the Lunar New Year, Boar-racing, and Autumn Moon Festivals, it would concentrate its efforts on the crackdown of drugs to magnify its achievements in this respect.
2. Taking big-bang measures to make selected crackdowns on drug smugglers, manufacturers, and traffickers:
a. Compiling a blacklist of drug manufacturers to prevent them from doing the business again: The blacklist is compiled by the Drug Fight Supervisory Group of the Taiwan High Public Prosecutors Office on the basis of cracked cases of drug abuse and is revised every three months as a guide for surveillance and crackdown work. The Taiwan High Public Prosecutors Office compiled the blacklists submitted by various judicial organizations into a special file on January 15, 2005, which is revised every three months.
b. Publishing the names of notorious drug offenders as a warning to others: When major drug manufacturers, smugglers, and traffickers are exposed, their names are made public through news releases to frighten the imitators.
c. Refraining from putting major drug offenders and repeat drug offenders on bail: The Taiwan High Public Prosecutors Office notified the various District Public Prosecutors Offices on January 20, 2005, via Letter yun 0940000901, to this effect. In the first nine months of 2005, 1741 requests were made for putting the offenders behind the bar, of which 1470 requests were approved, 172 offenders were put on bail, 59 offenders were released, 36 offenders were ordered to be restricted in residence, 2 offenders were ordered to be put in the custody of others, and 1 was allowed to make a protest accusation after the jail request was rejected. As for major repeat drug offenses, requests for the detention of 82 persons were made, of who 78 were locked up, 2 were released, and another 2 were put on bail.
d. Continuing to push forward the revision of the Code of Criminal Procedure regarding the mechanism of immediate protest accusation against detention.
3. Offering huge rewards to encourage accusers and all people to join in the drug fight: In 2005, an amount of NT$18.46 million was budgeted for rewarding drug accusers and an additional NT$6.16 million for rewarding outstanding drug-bashing officers and organizations. In the first nine months of 2005, the Ministry of the Interior issued NT$11.77 million as rewards to accusers and NT$30.91 million for rewarding drug-bashing officers and organizations. As of now, the National Police Administration is in short of NT$5.61 million and NT$12.47 million respectively in the two categories.
4. Actively engaging in international cooperation to cut off the sources of drugs: As Taiwan is an island nation, many drugs are smuggled into Taiwan from other nations. To cut off the supply, Taiwan must develop international cooperation. This is what the MOJ has been striving for:
a. On the night of December 31, 2004, the MOJ’s Investigation Bureau joined the Philippine drug-fighting authorities and the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (USDEA) to crack an Amphetamine plant on Mindanao Island in the Philippines, seizing 76 kilograms of the drug. All the six suspects were shot dead by Philippine officers.
b. On January 5, 2005, the MOJ’s Investigation Bureau provided Vietnamese crime investigation police authorities with the information about a Taiwanese citizen, Zhang You-jia, who was suspected of shipping drugs from Vietnam to Taiwan, leading to the seizure of 1.35 kilograms of heroin.
c. On February 7, the MOJ’s Investigation Bureau cooperated with Suede’s Hong Kong office and the federal police authorities of Australia to arrest Chen Guang-hua, an international drug trafficker, at Sydney Airport.
d. On February 8, 2005, the MOJ’s Investigation Bureau cooperated with the Japanese police authorities and the Hong Kong police department to seize in Fukuta and a nearby prefecture 75.44 kilograms of liquid Amphetamine and 286,000 MDMA pills, in which three members of a violence ring were arrested.
e. On April 29, 2006, the MOJ’s Investigation Bureau cooperated with the international intelligence center of Japan’s Tokyo Customs to capture, at the CKS Airport in Taiwan, Wu Jia-ming, who carried 2,209 grams of heroin.
f. On May 8, 2005, the MOJ’s Investigation Bureau joined the USEDA and the Philippine drug-fighting authorities to crack another Amphetamine plant, also on Mindanao Island in the Philippines, seizing 12.4 kilograms of the drug and 691.8 kilograms of raw materials and captured a Philippine worker.
g. On May 10, 2005, Taiwan cooperated with USDEA and the Philippine drug-fighting authorities cracked a Katamine plant at Quezon City, seizing about 6.8 kilograms of the drug.
h. On June 10, 2005, Taiwan cooperated with the Royal Malaysian Police to seize 101.86 kilograms of white crystallized Katamine packed in150 boxes of instant coffee.
In the first nine months, the MOJ’s Investigation Bureau has cracked a total of 11 drug cases through international cooperation, seizing 5.07 kilograms of heroin, 163.844 kilograms of methamphetamine, 285,000 MDMA pills (weighing about 71.548 kilograms), 119.75 kilograms of Katamine, and 691.8 kilograms of raw materials for making drugs and cracked three drug plants.